CONTENTS
Please note, this "book" has been translated into English from its Russian form.  Any small grammatical flaws that occur are simply the result of this translation

  1. Introduction

  2. The Theory Behind Humates

  3. The Effects of Humates on Crops

  4. The Effects of Humates on the Quality of Produce

  5. The Protective Effects of Humates

  6. The Effects of Humates on Soil

  7. The Use of Humates With Chemical Fertilizers

  8. The Use of Humates With Organic Fertilizers

  9. The Use of Humates in Poultry and Stock Farming

  10. Conclusion

 

8. HUMATES AND ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

"Humus is the basis of soil fertility.  Humate is the concentration of humusís vital forces."

     We can conclude that humate is an alternative to all types of organic fertilizers, such as humus, compost, bio-humus*, organic ooze, peat, and others.  Furthermore, we have objective data to confirm this conclusion. (See Table 4.) 

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* bio-humus - a mixture of processed poultry manure using California worms and soil.  It is produced in Russia and Ukraine.

 

Table 4: Humatesí effect on crop capacity in comparison with organic and mineral fertilizers

 Type of

Fertilizer

 Dose quota,

ton/ hectare

Average crop capacity,

Centner/hectare

Increase in crop capacity,

centner/hectare

 

 

Potatoes

oats

potatoes

oats

The control

-

119

138

-

-

Manure

20.00

142

174

23.0

36.0

Bio-humus

6.00

136

174

17.0

36.0

N P K

N   P   K 

143         

216

24.0     

78.0

Humate

0.06

144

222

25.0

84.0

Humate+ N P K

0.06

158

282

39.0

144.0

     However, letís not rush conclusions before considering the essence of this problem.  After carrying out many years of experiments, the Russian soil science concluded that combined use of manure (20 ton/hectare) and mineral fertilizers (N P K) was conducive to sustaining humus balance in the soil.  However, the cost of applying manure in such large quantities decreases the profitability of the process.  Data in Table 4 shows that an exchange of 20 tons of manure for 120 lbs of humate is more profitable and leads to more productivity.  Comprehensive proof can be obtained through many years of experiments.  Naturally, we do not have this data yet.  We have mentioned earlier that one of the most important factors in humus composition and accumulation is the effect of micro-organisms.  Scientific studies in many countries showed that humates stimulated the development of all soil micro-organisms, such as fungi, bacteria, and ray fungi (actinomycetes).  They increased soilí aeration and were conducive to stimulation of oxidation activity of microbes. In other words, humates stimulate micro-organisms and therefore are conducive to humus restoration.

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